“[Normal science] seems an attempt to force nature into the preformed and relatively inflexible box that the paradigm supplies. No part of the aim of normal science is to call forth new sorts of phenomena; indeed those that will not fit the box are often not seen at all. Nor do scientists normally aim to invent new theories, and they are often intolerant of those invented by others.” ~ Thomas Kuhn
Faster than Light?
“Brand new data from CERN indicates a particle that moves faster than the speed of light. If this really were the case, it would be almost unbelievable news that breaks with everything that physicists have been relying on since Einstein put forward the theory of relativity, which says, that nothing can move faster than light.”
“If the result turns out to not be related to measurement uncertainties, it is a violation of the theory of relativity, which has formed the basis for all physics since the beginning of the 1900s. According to Einstein’s theories, the speed of light is the upper limit for how fast particles, as we know them, can move. A time different of 60 nano-seconds gives a deviation that is well over 2000 km/h above the speed of light”, explains particle physicist Ask Emil Løvschall-Jensen, Discovery Center at the Niels Bohr Institute.”
“Observations of large distances in the universe are based on measurements of the redshift, which is a phenomenon where the wavelength of the light from distant galaxies is shifted more and more towards the red with greater distance. The redshift indicates how much the universe has expanded from when the light left until it was measured on Earth. Furthermore, according to Einstein’s general theory of relativity, the light and thus the redshift is also affected by the gravity from large masses like galaxy clusters and causes a gravitational redshift of the light. But the gravitational influence of light has never before been measured on a cosmological scale.”
“Astronomer Halton Arp discovered, by taking photographs through the big telescopes, that many pairs of quasars (quasi-stellar objects) which have extremely high redshift z values (and are therefore thought to be receding from us very rapidly – and thus must be located at a great distance from us) are physically associated with galaxies that have low redshift and are known to be relatively close by.”
“Arp has photographs of many pairs of high redshift quasars that are symmetrically located on either side of what he suggests are their parent, low redshift galaxies. These pairings occur much more often than the probabilities of random placement would allow. Mainstream astrophysicists try to explain away Arp’s observations of connected galaxies and quasars as being “illusions” or “coincidences of apparent location”. But, the large number of physically associated quasars and low red shift galaxies that he has photographed and cataloged defies that evasion. It simply happens too often Because of Arp’s photos, the assumption that high red shift objects have to be very far away – on which the “Big Bang” theory and all of “accepted cosmology” is based – is proven to be wrong! The Big Bang theory is therefore falsified.”
Einstein, Relativity, and Time – A Mathematical Abstraction which has Little-To-No Practical Value for Us as People Who Live in the World
“Einstein considered what might happen if one were to apply these two laws of motion to the electromagnetic phenomenon of light and he concluded that time itself must be relative. If the velocity (V) of light is assumed to be the constant (c) in the equation for the determination of velocities (c = d/t) then this constant cannot be changed.
“For example: a source of light, say the headlamp of a moving train, is mov- ing at 100 miles per hour, and the speed of the source of this light (i.e., the speed of the train) cannot be added to the speed of the light itself (300,000 kilometers per second), because the light travels at a constant velocity regardless of the velocity of the source of that light.
“In this particular case, involving the velocity of light, the law of the addition of velocities does not work. What Einstein realized was that light (c) would travel a greater distance (d) in the same amount of time (t). Normally, there would be a change (i.e., an increase) in velocity (v), but, since the velocity of light is assumed as the constant in the equation (v = c), it cannot change. With the velocity of light set as the constant, the only possible mathematical solution for the equation (c = d/t) was for Einstein to allow for time itself (t) to change. In order for the equation to work, the value of t cannot be absolute; it must be relative. Pearcey and Thaxton explain: “The theory of relativity results from a purely logical deduction. If the velocity of light is a universal constant, then when d changes, t has to change. It is strictly mathematical.”
“According to relativity, time must have varying increments depending upon the various locations, states of motion, and the differing perspectives of observers. No observational perspective is allowed to be absolute and time is relative, because the velocity of light is assumed as the constant. Relativity theory has no absolute frame of reference by which one can determine a standard (i.e., absolute) time for all observers.”
“The modern scientific concept of relative time is an imaginative, abstract, intellectual-play theory which, as modern science acknowledges, has no correspondence to our perceptual experience of time. As physicist Paul Davies tells us: “Einstein’s time is seriously at odds with time as we human beings experience it…Einstein’s time is inadequate to explain fully the physical universe and our perception of it.”
“As such, the theory of relative time has no phenomenological basis whatsoever, because we can never experience time’s being relative; therefore the theoretical concept of relative time has little-to-no practical value for us.”