Review: ‘Knowing Jesus in the Old Testament? : A Fresh Look at Christophanies’


Knowing Jesus in the Old Testament? : A Fresh Look at Christophanies, by Andrew S. Malone $10.36 (Free Shipping) Inter-Varsity Press 2015 (208 pages)

I found this book online when I was looking for some common sense (and scripturally based) reasoning regarding ‘Christophanies’ or: pre-incarnate appearances of Christ in the Old Testament.

I found this book to be well worth the $10 it cost me, which included free shipping.

After numerous recent interactions with people online regarding issues surrounding the study of Christ (Christology) I began to see what I consider to be erroneous understandings of Christ. Namely, people referring to Jesus (or Christ) and his actions in the Old Testament (OT).

I have no problems with people referring to the Son before the incarnation, but I do have a problem with referring to Jesus in the OT. I also don’t care for people referring to Christ in the OT. Why? Because, although the Son is eternal, Jesus Christ was born of Mary in Bethlehem.

Jesus, by definition, is the God-Man (Greek: theanthropos). Jesus has both a divine and a human nature. He’s no more human than he is divine, and he’s no more divine than he is human. Ultimately, the dual nature of Jesus is a mystery, and we, as believers, are expected to maintain that mysterious balance whenever we speak or write about him. To go to either extreme, and express a position in which Jesus appears to be more God than man, or more man than God, is heresy. A balance, and an avoidance of error, is our goal whenever we speak or write about Jesus.

As I said, I’ve been dealing online with quite a few people in recent months who were speaking/writing about Jesus as though he were more God than man. For example, people were saying Jesus did things before he was born in Bethlehem. This is anachronistic, to say the least, and heretical to say the most. To me, this smacked of heresy… a too-high Christology that made Jesus God but not really man, since the dual natured Jesus — the God-Man — didn’t come into being until Bethlehem. The Son is eternal. He has always existed. He never came into being. Jesus, the God-Man, came into being when the eternal Son took on human flesh and became man (for us and for our salvation). This is the whole point of the incarnation. And this is also why most people will qualify their statement about Jesus, or Christ, doing something in the OT by saying the pre-incarnate Jesus, or the pre-incarnate Christ, did something.

But when people talk about the pre-incarnate Christ doing something in the OT they aren’t speaking about something the OT actually says, they’re speaking about something they believe. People have constructed the notion of a pre-incarnate Jesus in their own minds, mostly due to having a New Testament (NT) perspective as a Christian, and ‘discovering’ many appearances of a (supposedly) pre-incarnate Christ in the OT.

People do this because they are taught to do it. I used to accept the notion of pre-incarnate appearances of Christ in the OT, because that’s what I had been taught, too. But after the recent experiences I’ve had with people in discussing this issue, after reading this book, after thinking about the issue, and after pondering what the Bible actually says, I no longer believe we can say with any certainly that the Son, Jesus, or Christ appeared in the OT. As the author says:

“No one here doubts that God the Son has always existed and been active throughout history as part of the Trinity. What is in doubt is whether we should identify particular activities of the Son in Old Testament times and whether we can read any evidence of these in the pages of the Old Testament itself.” (p.177)

This book is something of a voice crying in the wilderness, because it seems almost everyone these days believes in OT Christophanies.  The author does the Church a great service by writing this (no doubt unpopular) book. It is well researched, well outlined, well written, and scripturally based.

If you’re at all interested in the subject of Christophanies I suggest you read this book.

For further reading, the author has also written an informative article on: John Owen and Old Testament Christophanies, by Andrew S. Malone



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America’s new Red Guard?


Think it can’t happen here? The young lady in this video is advocating for cultural revolution and totalitarian ideology…

High school senior tries to cope with bigotry, racism after attacks in Charlottesville, Portland…

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An Unreported on Pattern of Violence


Aavielle Wakefield

 The late Aavielle Wakefield

This post deals with an unreported on pattern of violence in the USA. Virtually every day, across the USA, black babies, children, and teens are at risk for being inadvertently shot and killed by black men. The pattern is there, the danger is real, and yet the national media never connects the dots and reports on this nationwide epidemic of violence.

This tragedy is left to local media to report on, which they do, faithfully.

I follow local news outlets across the USA and this is why I am able to collect many of these tragic news stories. The national media knows about these tragic events, and knows there is a nationwide pattern, but refuses to bring any national attention to it.

If only one of these babies had been killed by the KKK we would hear about it forever. But since all of these babies have been killed by black men it’s just local news. In fact, these types of shootings are so common that the media doesn’t consider them to be national news.

Ask yourself this question: “If I were a young black mother with babies, would I fear my babies were in constant danger of being murdered by the KKK? Or would I fear my babies were in constant danger of being murdered by black men in my neighborhood?”

Watch this tragic video playlist, and cry as I have. Why is this national pattern of black male on black child violence never discussed in the national media? Because the national media doesn’t care about black people. If they did, they would address this national tragedy daily, until something was finally done to stop it.

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Roosevelt and Stalin

Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill at Tehran

Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill at Tehran in 1943

Stalin Killed Far More People Than Hitler

“The US, Canada and Britain have never squarely faced the ugly fact that their close wartime ally, Stalin, was a far worse mass murderer than enemy Adolf Hitler…” Read more: Stalin Killed Far More People Than Hitler

Stalin’s Jews

“We mustn’t forget that some of greatest murderers of modern times were Jewish…” Read more: Stalin’s Jews,7340,L-3342999,00.html

FDR attends Tehran conference: Nov. 28, 1943

“On this day in 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt joined British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin at a conference in Tehran that cemented the pledge of an Allied second front against Nazi Germany in Western Europe… The meeting proved so friendly that Churchill, who mistrusted Stalin, later voiced concern about Roosevelt’s efforts to woo the Soviet leader.” Read more: FDR attends Tehran conference: Nov. 28, 1943

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Review: Nuevo Testamento Bilingue RVR 1960/KJV


Nuevo Testamento Bilingue RVR 1960/KJV

Nuevo Testamento Bilingue RVR 1960/KJV, Enc. Rustica, Vino (RVR 1960/KJV Bilingual New Testament, Softcover, Burgundy) $5.99 –

I’ve been needing a Spanish/English New Testament and they’re not easy to find. My local Christian bookstore (LifeWay) has a wall of Spanish Bibles and books, including many Spanish/English Bibles, but no bilingual New Testaments.

I found the one linked above at Christian Book Distributors for $5.99 + $3.99 shipping, so, for $10, I managed to find a decent Spanish/English New Testament, which actually has a readable font. I should note I prefer the older translations, and this one is the RVR 1960 along with the KJV. There are other, modern translations available at CBD as well (although these, too, are not available at my local LifeWay).

I like this Spanish/English New Testament. It’s published by National Publishing Company, Philadelphia and, for a cheap paperback, is pretty well made. The paper is of good quality and the font, as I said above, is readable.

If you’re looking for a Spanish/English New Testament this is a good buy, especially for the price.



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Review: TBS Greek New Testament


TBS Greek New Testament

Koiné Greek New Testament (Textus Receptus, calfskin) $47.00

I purchased a copy of the Trinitarian Bible Society (TBS) Greek New Testament (NT) last year from Book Depository, because the calfskin edition was out of stock at TBS. In fact, I bought the last and only copy Book Depository had at that time. TBS now has this edition in stock, as well as the cheaper ($9.50) hardback edition.

I have a copy of the hardback edition, which I purchased over twenty five years ago when I was first learning NT Greek. At the time, I had a copy of the United Bible Society’s (UBS) Third Edition (Corrected) I was using to learn NT Greek, but I happened across the TBS Greek NT at a Christian bookstore and bought it.

The TBS Greek NT is what’s known as Scrivener’s edition of the Textus Receptus, which is fully described and explained in the preface.


The first thing I noticed about the TBS Greek NT, years ago, was how much more readable the font was when compared to the UBS Greek New Testament. Now I realize, too, how much better the Greek text itself is, when compared to the UBS Greek text.

Last year, when I decided to go back to the King James Version of the Bible, I also decided to purchased a copy of the Greek text that underlies the King James (Authorised) Version of the Bible: The TBS Greek New Testament (Textus Receptus). I knew I could use my old hardback copy, which was actually somewhat worn and dirty from use, but I thought, since I wanted to get back into reading the Greek NT on a daily basis, I should buy the nicest edition available, which is the calfskin edition.

This TBS Greek NT is printed and bound in the Netherlands by Royal Jongblod and is of the highest quality. The font is clear, bold, easy to read, and the text is in paragraph format with the verse numbers placed in the margins.

If you’d like to have a nice copy of the Textus Receptus you can read every day, consider purchasing this fine edition from TBS. You’ll be very glad you did! 😃




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Review: Cambridge KJV Pocket New Testament


Cambridge KJV Pocket New Testament (Black French Morocco Leather)

Cambridge KJV Pocket New Testament (Black French Morocco Leather) $34.99

This Cambridge KJV pocket New Testament is no longer available.

I saw a small NRSV New Testament for sale posted by Cambridge Bible on their Facebook page about two months ago and I asked, in a comment, if they were ever going to reprint the KJV New Testament, because I couldn’t find it available for sale anywhere. I was told, in a comment, they weren’t. However, I was also told, via comment, they had a few copies of the KJV pocket New Testament available that were less than perfect, and if I wanted one I could obtain one, since I had asked about it.

True to their word, about two months later, I received via FedEx a copy of this wonderful pocket New Testament from Cambridge University Press! 😃

I paid about $28 for this New Testament (including shipping) and there’s really nothing wrong with it. A couple of pages may be cut a bit crooked, there’s some extra glue that has dripped onto the bookmark where it’s bound to the spine, a small portion of thread is sticking out in one section of Philippians, but, other than these few imperfections, it’s fine. It also has a red mark on the last page indicating it’s less than perfect.

It’s very small, like a Gideon New Testament, which is a handy pocket size I’ve always liked. It has a small, but readable, black letter text, it’s very well made, Smyth sewn, with a French Morocco leather cover, printed in Great Britain at the University Press, Cambridge.

It’s probably the best made small book I’ve ever seen.

I really appreciate Cambridge for making this wonderful pocket New Testament available to me.




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