The Point – Edited Under Fr. Leonard Feeney M.I.C.M. — Saint Benedict Center

[For my own position regarding Christ, Jews, Gentiles, and the Covenants, please see my: The Old Covenant and the New Covenant. See also: VIDEO - The Jews: Is the Old Covenant still in effect?]

St Michael defeats the Devil

St Michael defeats the Devil

Edited Under Fr. Leonard Feeney M.I.C.M. — Saint Benedict Center

“Essential to the understanding of our chaotic times is the knowledge that the Jewish race constitutes a united anti-Christian bloc within Christian society, and is working for the overthrow of that society by every means at its disposal.” — April 1958.

1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959

1959

• In Memory Of William Thomas Walsh — Who Tried To Warn Us (About The Jews) Before It Was Too Late (March)

• Some Summaries After Seven Years — Jews, Masons, Communists Etc. (February)

• Should Hate Be Outlawed? (January)

Site Map • Year list

1958

• The Protection Of Christmas (December)

• The Jews And The Saints — What Our Canonized Catholics Are Lately Suffering (November)

• Catholics, The Bible, And The Jews (October)

• How The Jews Invaded The Holy Land (September)

• He Fought Our Enemies And Kept The Faith — (Belloc) (August)

• The Problem Of Monsignor Ronald Knox (July)

• Anti-Christians In Capital Letters — (Jewish Organizations) (June)

• Monsignor Ellis In Wonderland (May)

• Newspapers And The New York Times — (Jewish Media Control) (April)

• On Making The United States Catholic — Reasons For Our Failure (March)

• Soldiers Of The Church Militant — Our Canonized Saints At War (With The Jews) (January-February)

Site Map • Year list

1957

• The Price Of Christmas In Mexico — Freemasons (December)

• Six Pointers On The Jews (November)

• The Jewish Lie About Brotherhood — The Catholic Answer — Israeli Brotherhood (October)

• An Unholy People In The Holy Land — The Actions Of The Jews (September)

• A Sure Defence Against The Jews — What Our Catholic Bishops Can Do For Us (August)

• The Judaising Of Christians By Jews — Tactics Of The Church’s Leading Enemies (July)

• The Rejected People Of Holy Scripture — Why The Jews Fear The Bible (June)

• Our Lady Of Fatima Warned Us (About Jewish Communists) (May)

• The Fight For The Holy City — Efforts Of The Jews To Control Jerusalem (April)

• Dublin’s Briscoe (Jewish Lord Mayor) Comes To Boston (March)

• When Everyone Was Catholic — The Courage Of The Faith (Regarding The Jews) In The Thirteenth Century (February)

• Jewish Invasion Of Our Country — Our Culture Under Siege (January)

Site Map • Year list

1956

• The Enemies Of Christ At Christmas (December)

• The Jewish Plan To Destroy Christianity — The Real Purpose Of Interfaith (November)

• The Church Militant And The Jews — Some Front-Line Reports (Through The Centuries) (October)

• Another Challenge To Jews And Masons (September)

• Some Jews In Gentile Clothing (August)

• Christmas In July (Jews Against Christmas) (July)

• The War Between The Bible And The Jews (June)

• Masons, Jews, And Catholic Schools (May)

• The Story Of God And The Jews: Nineteen Hundred Years Of Rejection (April)

• Foreign Allegiance Of American Jews (March)

• Profiles Of Two White Jews (Jews All The Same) (February)

• The Jewish Gangs Of Boston (Jewish Domination) (January)

Site Map • Year list

1955

• Some Needed Information About The Jews (Jewish Domination, Jewish Destruction Of Christian Sites, Etc.) (December)

• Pointers; American Power And Catholic Freedom, Etc. (November)

• Recent Protest In The Streets Of Boston — Christian Defense Of The Blessed Sacrament (Against The Jews) (October)

• Catholic Power And The Plots Of The Jews (September)

• Some Needed Information About The Jews (Jewish Media Control, Etc.) (August)

• Should Hate Be Outlawed? (July)

• The Plans Of The Jews For World Control (UN) (June)

• The Jews And Their New University (In Boston) (May)

• The Holy Land And The Jews (Jewish Destruction Of Christian Shrines) (April)

• More News About Jews And Others — Some Current Threats To Our Faith And Country (March)

• The Catholic Church And The Jews — Traditional Policy Toward The Haters Of Christ (February)

• World Government By The Jews (UN) (January)

Site Map • Year list

1954

• The Buyers And Sellers (Jews) At Christmas; The Present Position Of Cardinal Newman (Jew), Etc. (December)

• The Secret (Jewish) Strength Of Communism (November)

• Uncle Sam And Anti-Semitism; The Monkeys And The Jews, Etc. (October)

• In Search Of A Catholic Education; The Catholic Church And Jewish Converts (Marranos) (September)

• American Gentiles And The Jews; Masonic Inroads In Italy, Etc. (August)

• In Shepherds’ Clothing; The Menace Of Magazines, Etc. (July)

• Recent Halo In The Vatican (Pope St. Pius X); A Reply To Lady Abrahams (A Jewish “Convert”), Etc. (June)

• Signs Of Spring In Boston (American Catholics), Etc. (May)

• Pointers (Brotherhood, Jews, Masons, Communists Etc.) (April)

• The Gospel According To John Bull (English Protestantism); Brotherhood And Motherhood (Masonic-Jewish Internationalism), Etc. (March)

• The Hammer Of Freemasons, Etc. (February)

Site Map • Year list

1953

• Glory To God In The Manger; Pointers; Virgin Mother; The Native — A Tract In One Act, Etc. (December)

• Lambs Without Shepherds; Catholic Mexico And Catholic Canada, Etc. (November)

• The Masons And The Jews; The Newman Clubs, Etc. (October)

• What Happened In Chicago (SBC Brothers Jailed) (September)

• New Versions And Perversions Of The Bible; The Finalys And Baptism Betrayed, Etc. (August)

• More Statistics And Less Faith; There Are Only Eleven Million (Jews) (July)

• Our Thirty-Third Degree Enemies; Calling All Protestants! Etc. (June)

• The Overseers Of American Theology; Dear Catholic Priests Of America, Etc. (May)

• Frauds: Pious And Otherwise; The Priest, The Minister, And The Rabbi, Etc. (April)

• The Oracle At Adelphi; The Anti-Semitism Of The Jews, Etc. (March)

• An Open Letter To President Eisenhower; Pointers; American Catholics And Ex-Protestants, Etc. (February)

• The Interfaith Of Our Fathers; The Starving Children Of America, Etc. (January)

Site Map • Year list

1952

• The American Christmas Story; Pointers; Dim Lights On A Christmas Tree, Etc. (December)

• The Church Militant And The Church Dilettante; The New Society Of Jesus, Etc. (November)

• The Apostle Of Invincible Ignorance, Etc. (October)

• Portrait Of A Pious Fraud; Our Vanishing Seminarians, Etc. (September)

• How To Win Friends And Influential People; Saints For The New York Times, Etc. (August)

• Thoughts To Add To A Harvard Commencement, Etc. (July)

• The Threat Of A National Church; The Christophers — Change The World To What? Etc. (March)

• The Center Of Interest In Cambridge (SBC); Saint Agnes, Etc. (February)

• Year list

Fr. Feeney

Source: http://www.fatherfeeney.org/point/index.html

la Virgen de Guadalupe

Site Map

Download .pdf

See: Jewish/Zionist Compiled List of Papal Bulls on Jewish Question

Following is a partial list of Papal Bulls and other relevant documents regarding the Jewish question, illustrating both the partial protection offered the Jews at different times and the institutionalization of Anti-Semitism.Where protection was offered, it was often done in a condescending manner, asserting the Christian duty to have mercy on the Jews even though they were collectively guilty of killing Jesus (or in modern times, “forgiving” the Jews for killing Jesus) or was simply rescinding previous decrees. Catholic persecution of Jews – and protection – began in the Middle Ages, but the persecution continued and was intensified well after the Middle Ages, notably in the Inquisition and in the formation and regulation of ghettos, which began in the 1500s, well after the end of the Middle Ages. The Papal bulls and encyclicals that advanced and supported anti-Semitism included the following sorts of decrees:

  • Special badges or dress for Jews
  • Special taxes for Jews
  • Forcing Jews to remit debt of Christians
  • Banning, confiscating or burning Jewish law books and other writings.
  • Encouraging or forcing conversion of Jews
  • Expelling Jews from Papal territories or forcing Jews to live in ghettos.
  • Inquisition for backsliding converted Jews,

Many believed and hoped that Catholic persecution of Jews had ended in the period of Pope John XXIII. Recent Bulls and Encyclicals of Pope Benedict XVI that reinstate anti-Semitic prayers and Catholic societies do not augur well.

Pius V was perhaps the worst of the anti-Semitic Popes. He was nonetheless canonized and the canonization was not rescinded.

In addition to the actual regulations depriving Jews of livelihood or home or forcing conversions, the Bulls often were prefaced with language of racist incitement that indicated the attitude of the Catholic Church to Jews.

The Bull Cum Nimis Absurdum (“How completely absurd”) of Paul IV, 1555, which created the ghetto of Rome, began with these words:

As it is completely absurd and improper in the utmost that the Jews, who through their own fault were condemned by God to eternal servitude,

The Bull Hebraeorum gens (“The Jewish Race”) 1569, of Saint Pius V, which expelled Jews from some of the Papal states, began with these words:

 “The Jewish people fell from the heights because of their faithlessness and condemned their Redeemer to a shameful death. Their godlessness has assumed such forms that, for the salvation of our own people, it becomes necessary to prevent their disease. Besides usury, through which Jews everywhere have sucked dry the property of impoverished Christians, they are accomplices of thieves and robbers; and the most damaging aspect of the matter is that they allure the unsuspecting through magical incantations, superstition, and witchcraft to the Synagogue of Satan and boast of being able to predict the future. We have carefully investigated how this revolting sect abuses the name of Christ and how harmful they are to those whose life is threatened by their deceit. On account of these and other serious matters, and because of the gravity of their crimes which increase day to day more and more, We order that, within 90 days, all Jews in our entire earthly realm of justice — in all towns, districts, and places — must depart these regions.”

The above is quoted in modern anti-Semitic works, including Catholic publications and the Stormfront Website.

To the modern reader, the Papal bulls seem to present a conflicting picture. Sometimes privileges were revoked and sometimes extended. Often the same Pope would order protection of the Jews from bodily harm but enact discriminatory laws of various kinds. Thus, the church would encourage hatred of Jews, but then it would discourage violence against Jews. For Catholic theology there was no contradiction. The role of the Jews was to serve as an example of the wages of sin to Christians. Therefore, the Jews must be tortured and ridiculed, but never killed.

The documents listed below are Papal Bulls unless otherwise noted. The Bulls get their titles from the initial words, generally the first three words, of the text of the document, which are known as the incipit. Note that there may be several Bulls with the same title by different Popes, and on entirely different subjects.

Explanation of terms:

“Jus Gasaga” - a corruption of “Jus Chazaka” – the law of the right of tenancy of Jews, usually in ghetto homes.

Catechumen - a person being taught the Catechism, a new convert. The Bulls called for a special tax on Jews, to be used to support the catechumens. The house of Catechumens in Rome was used as an instrument for forced conversion, and its victims included the chief Rabbi of Rome.

Neophyte - a new convert.

The sources generally do not distinguish between Bulls, encyclicals and other documents of more limited circulation.

Papal Bulls and other documents Relating to Jews

Pope Bull/Document Date Subject
Gregory I Sicut  judaeis non 598 A letter, supplemented by others, provided limited protection of Jews. “Just as no freedom may be granted to the Jews in their communities to exceed the limits legally set for them, so they should in no way suffer through a violation of their rights”The letter contained the phrase “Sicut Judaeis” – and thus to the Jews. Gregory forbade Jews to have Christian slaves, and encouraged conversions. The measures of protection along with limitations and persecution, and even the wording of Sicut iudaeis were repeated in subsequent bulls and letters of various popes. It became the model for treatment of Jews.
Calixtus II Sicut Judaeis c. 1120 Probably the first formal version of Sicut Judaies. Reiterates protection of the Jews in the wake of the persecutions of the first Crusade.
Innocent III Post miserabile Aug. 1198 Addressed to prelates of Europe and dealt with the need for another Crusade. Suspended payment of interest and principal to Jewish lenders for crusaders. Since many did not return, the debt was effectively cancelled.
Innocent III Etsi non displiceat 1205 Addressed to King of France. Accuses Jews of usury, blasphemy, arrogance, employing Christian slaves and murder. Urges king to put an end to the “evils.”
Honorius III Sicut  judaeis non debet esse licentia Nov. 7, 1217 Forbids forced baptism of Jews or molestation.
Honorius III In general consilio 1218 To archbishop of Toledo, requires enforcement of 4th Lateran Council decisions that Jews must wear special clothing and pay tithes to the local churches.
Honorius III Ad nostram Noveritis audientiam April 29, 1221 Jews are obliged to carry a distinctive badge and forbidden to hold public office.
Gregory IX Sufficere debuerat perfidioe judoerum perfidia March 5, 1233 Jews forbidden to employ Christian servants.
Gregory IX Etsi Judeorum 1233 To prelates of France, urged prevention of physical violence against Jews.
Gregory IX Si vera sunt 1239 To kings and prelates of Spain and France – orders seizure of Talmud and other Jewish books and examination for blasphemy against Jesus. These books were regularly burned or censored.
Innocent IV Impia judoerum perfidia May 9, 1244 French King ordered to burn the Talmud. Jews forbidden to employ Christian nurses.
Innocent IV Lachrymabilem Judaeorum 1247 To German prelates; orders an end to persecution of Jews and declares that theblood libel accusation is false.
Clement IV Turbato corde July 26, 1267 Christians forbidden to embrace Judaism
Gregory X Turbato corde March 1, 1274 (Identical to previous.)
Nicolas III Vineam Sorec Aug. 4, 1278 Addressed to orders of friars – Preaching to the Jews is encouraged and friars are to be specially trained for this purpose. Also known as Vineam Soreth.
Nicolas IV Turbato corde Sept. 5, 1288 Christians who embrace Judaism
John XXII Ex Parte Vestra Aug. 12, 1317 Relapse of converts.
John XXII  Cum sit absurdum June 19, 1320 Converted Jews need not be despoiled.
Clement VI Quamvis Perfidiam September 26, 1348 Tries in vain to dispel the superstition that Jews are responsible for Black Death by poisoning the wells
Urban V Sicuti judaeis non debet June 7, 1365 Forbidden to molest Jews or to force them to baptism.
Benedict XIII
(Anti-Pope)
Etsi doctoribus gentium 1415 A collection of anti-Jewish church legislation that served as an inspiration to other Popes.
Martin V Sedes apostolica June 3, 1425 Jews obliged to wear distinctive badge.
Eugene IV Dudum ad nostram audientiam Aug. 4, 1442 Forbade Jews to live with Christians or fill public functions, etc.
Calixtus III Si ad reprimendos May 28, 1456 Confirmed the preceding Bull of Eugene IV forbidding Jews to live with Christians.
Sixtus IV Numquam dubitavimus 1482 To Ferdinand of Aragon, to appoint inquisitors to extirpate heresy and investigate backsliding of Jewish converts to Christianity. The Spanish Inquisitionand expulsion of the Jews from Spain followed.
Paul III Cupientes judaeos March 21, 1542 Privileges in favor of neophytes.
Paul III Illius, qui pro dominici Feb. 19, 1543 Establishment of a monastery for catechumens and neophytes.
Jules III Pastoris aeternivices Aug. 31, 1554 Tax in favor of neophytes
Paul IV Cum Nimis Absurdum July 14, 1555 Jews forbidden to live in common with Christians, to practice any industry, etc.
Paul IV Dudum postquam March 23, 1556 Tax in favor of neophytes
Pius IV Cum inter ceteras Jan. 26, 1562 Bull relative to monastery of catechumens.
Pius IV Dudum e felicis recordationis Feb. 27, 1562 Bull confirming that of Paul IV.
Pius V Romanus Pontifex April 19, 1566 Bull confirming that of Paul IV
Pius V Sacrosanctae catholicae ecclesiae Nov. 29, 1566 Bull relating to convent of neophytes
Pius V Cum nos nuper Jan. 19, 1567 Jews are forbidden to own real estate
Pius V Hebraeorum gens Feb. 26, 1569 Accuses Jews of many evils including magic. Orders expulsion of Jews from Church States except Rome and Ancona.
Gregory XIII Vices ejus nos Sept. 1, 1577 Obligatory preaching of Christian sermons to Jews;. Creation of college of neophytes.
Gregory XIII Antiqua judaeorum improbitas July 1, 1581 Against blasphemers.
Gregory XIII Sancta Mater Ecclesiae Sept. 1, 1584 Obligatory preaching of Christian sermons to Jews;100 men and 50 women must be sent every Saturday to listen to conversion sermons delivered in a church near the ghetto.
Sixtus V Christiana pietas Oct. 22, 1586 Privileges granted to Jews by relief of former edicts. These were reversed. by Clemen VIII.
Clement VIII Cum saepe accidere Feb. 28, 1592 Jews of Avignon forbidden to sell new goods.
Clement VIII Caeca et obdurata Feb. 25, 1593 Confirmation of the Bull of Paul III. Jews forbidden to dwell outside of Rome, Ancona, and Avignon.
Clement VIII Cum Haebraeorum malitia Feb. 28, 1593 It is forbidden to read the Talmud.
Paul V Apostolicae servitutis July 31, 1610 Regulars (of monks) obliged to learn Hebrew.
Paul V Exponi nobis nuper fecistis Aug. 7, 1610 Bull concerning the dowries of Jewish women.
Urban VIII Sedes apostolica April 22, 1625 Concerning heretical Portuguese Jews.
Urban VIII Injuncti nobis Aug. 20, 1626 Privileges granted to the monastery of catechumens
Urban VIII Cum sicut acceptimus Oct. 18, 1635 Obligation to feed poor Jews imprisoned for debt.
Urban VIII Cum allias piae March 17, 1636 Synagogues of the Duchies of Ferarri and Urban, to pay a tax of 10 ecus.
Alexander VII Verbi aeterni Dec. 1, 1657 Bull relating to rights of neophytes regarding jus gasaga.(rights of tenancy in the ghetto)
Alexander VII Ad ea per quae Nov. 15, 1658 Jus Gasaga (rights of tenancy in the ghetto)
Alexander VII Ad apostolicae dignitatis May 23, 1662 Concordat between the college of neophytes and German college.
Alexander VII Illius, qui illuminat March 6, 1663 Privileges favoring the fraternities of neophytes.
Alexander VIII Animarum saluti March 30, 1690 Bull relating to the neophytes in Indies.
Innocent XII Ad radicitus submovendum Aug. 31, 1692 Abolition of special jurisdiction
Clement XI Propagandae per unicersum March 11, 1704 Confirmation and extension of Paul III regarding neophytes.
Clement XI Essendoci stato rappresentato Jan. 21, 1705 Powers of Vicar of Rome in jurisdiction of catechumens and neophytes
Clement XI Salvatoris nostri vices Jan. 2, 1712 Transfer to “Pii Operai” the work of the catechumens.
Innocent XIII Ex injuncto nobis Jan. 18, 1724 Prohibits sale of new objects.
Benedict XIII Nuper, pro parte dilectorum Jan. 8, 1726 Establishment of dowries for young girl neophytes.
Benedict XIII Emanavit nuper Feb. 14, 1727 Necessary conditions for imposing baptism on a Jew.
Benedict XIII Alias emanarunt March 21, 1729 Forbidding the sale of new goods.
Benedict XIV Postremomens Feb. 28, 1747 The baptism of Jews
Benedict XIV Apostolici Ministerii munus Sept. 16, 1747 Right of repudiation of neophytes.
Benedict XIV Singulari Nobis consoldtioni Feb. 9, 1749 Marriages between Jews and Christians.
Benedict XIV Elapso proxime Anno Feb. 20, 1751 Concerning Jewish heretics.
Benedict XIV Probe te meminisse Dec. 15, 1751 Baptism of Jewish children
Benedict XIV Beatus Andreas Feb. 22, 1755 Martyrdom of a child by Jews. A blood libel concerning the murder of the child Andreas Oxner or Anderl von Rinn (Andreas of Rinn )by Jews that supposedly took place in 1462 in Rinn near Innsbruck. Confirms the blood libel as factual.  The Bull reviews the cases of ritual murder by Jews, which it explicitly upholds as a fact, and establishes the beatifcation but not the canonization ofAndreas of Rinn and Simon of Trent
Following is a partial list of Papal Bulls and other relevant documents regarding the Jewish question, illustrating both the partial protection offered the Jews at different times and the institutionalization of Anti-Semitism.Where protection was offered, it was often done in a condescending manner, asserting the Christian duty to have mercy on the Jews even though they were collectively guilty of killing Jesus (or in modern times, “forgiving” the Jews for killing Jesus) or was simply rescinding previous decrees. Catholic persecution of Jews – and protection – began in the Middle Ages, but the persecution continued and was intensified well after the Middle Ages, notably in the Inquisition and in the formation and regulation ofghettos, which began in the 1500s, well after the end of the Middle Ages. The Papal bulls and encyclicals that advanced and supported anti-Semitism included the following sorts of decrees:

  • Special badges or dress for Jews
  • Special taxes for Jews
  • Forcing Jews to remit debt of Christians
  • Banning, confiscating or burning Jewish law books and other writings.
  • Encouraging or forcing conversion of Jews
  • Expelling Jews from Papal territories or forcing Jews to live in ghettos.
  • Inquisition for backsliding converted Jews,

Many believed and hoped that Catholic persecution of Jews had ended in the period of Pope John XXIII. Recent Bulls and Encyclicals of Pope Benedict XVI that reinstate anti-Semitic prayers and Catholic societies do not augur well.

Pius V was perhaps the worst of the anti-Semitic Popes. He was nonetheless canonized and the canonization was not rescinded.

In addition to the actual regulations depriving Jews of livelihood or home or forcing conversions, the Bulls often were prefaced with language of racist incitement that indicated the attitude of the Catholic Church to Jews.

The Bull Cum Nimis Absurdum (“How completely absurd”) of Paul IV, 1555, which created the ghetto of Rome, began with these words:

As it is completely absurd and improper in the utmost that the Jews, who through their own fault were condemned by God to eternal servitude,

The Bull Hebraeorum gens (“The Jewish Race”) 1569, of Saint Pius V, which expelled Jews from some of the Papal states, began with these words:

 “The Jewish people fell from the heights because of their faithlessness and condemned their Redeemer to a shameful death. Their godlessness has assumed such forms that, for the salvation of our own people, it becomes necessary to prevent their disease. Besides usury, through which Jews everywhere have sucked dry the property of impoverished Christians, they are accomplices of thieves and robbers; and the most damaging aspect of the matter is that they allure the unsuspecting through magical incantations, superstition, and witchcraft to the Synagogue of Satan and boast of being able to predict the future. We have carefully investigated how this revolting sect abuses the name of Christ and how harmful they are to those whose life is threatened by their deceit. On account of these and other serious matters, and because of the gravity of their crimes which increase day to day more and more, We order that, within 90 days, all Jews in our entire earthly realm of justice — in all towns, districts, and places — must depart these regions.”

The above is quoted in modern anti-Semitic works, including Catholic publications and the Stormfront Website.

To the modern reader, the Papal bulls seem to present a conflicting picture. Sometimes privileges were revoked and sometimes extended. Often the same Pope would order protection of the Jews from bodily harm but enact discriminatory laws of various kinds. Thus, the church would encourage hatred of Jews, but then it would discourage violence against Jews. For Catholic theology there was no contradiction. The role of the Jews was to serve as an example of the wages of sin to Christians. Therefore, the Jews must be tortured and ridiculed, but never killed.

The documents listed below are Papal Bulls unless otherwise noted. The Bulls get their titles from the initial words, generally the first three words, of the text of the document, which are known as the incipit. Note that there may be several Bulls with the same title by different Popes, and on entirely different subjects.

Explanation of terms:

“Jus Gasaga” - a corruption of “Jus Chazaka” – the law of the right of tenancy of Jews, usually in ghetto homes.

Catechumen - a person being taught the Catechism, a new convert. The Bulls called for a special tax on Jews, to be used to support the catechumens. The house of Catechumens in Rome was used as an instrument for forced conversion, and its victims included the chief Rabbi of Rome.

Neophyte - a new convert.

The sources generally do not distinguish between Bulls, encyclicals and other documents of more limited circulation.

Papal Bulls and other documents Relating to Jews

Pope Bull/Document Date Subject
Gregory I Sicut  judaeis non 598 A letter, supplemented by others, provided limited protection of Jews. “Just as no freedom may be granted to the Jews in their communities to exceed the limits legally set for them, so they should in no way suffer through a violation of their rights”The letter contained the phrase “Sicut Judaeis” – and thus to the Jews. Gregory forbade Jews to have Christian slaves, and encouraged conversions. The measures of protection along with limitations and persecution, and even the wording of Sicut iudaeis were repeated in subsequent bulls and letters of various popes. It became the model for treatment of Jews.
Calixtus II Sicut Judaeis c. 1120 Probably the first formal version of Sicut Judaies. Reiterates protection of the Jews in the wake of the persecutions of the first Crusade.
Innocent III Post miserabile Aug. 1198 Addressed to prelates of Europe and dealt with the need for another Crusade. Suspended payment of interest and principal to Jewish lenders for crusaders. Since many did not return, the debt was effectively cancelled.
Innocent III Etsi non displiceat 1205 Addressed to King of France. Accuses Jews of usury, blasphemy, arrogance, employing Christian slaves and murder. Urges king to put an end to the “evils.”
Honorius III Sicut  judaeis non debet esse licentia Nov. 7, 1217 Forbids forced baptism of Jews or molestation.
Honorius III In general consilio 1218 To archbishop of Toledo, requires enforcement of 4th Lateran Council decisions that Jews must wear special clothing and pay tithes to the local churches.
Honorius III Ad nostram Noveritis audientiam April 29, 1221 Jews are obliged to carry a distinctive badge and forbidden to hold public office.
Gregory IX Sufficere debuerat perfidioe judoerum perfidia March 5, 1233 Jews forbidden to employ Christian servants.
Gregory IX Etsi Judeorum 1233 To prelates of France, urged prevention of physical violence against Jews.
Gregory IX Si vera sunt 1239 To kings and prelates of Spain and France – orders seizure of Talmud and other Jewish books and examination for blasphemy against Jesus. These books were regularly burned or censored.
Innocent IV Impia judoerum perfidia May 9, 1244 French King ordered to burn the Talmud. Jews forbidden to employ Christian nurses.
Innocent IV Lachrymabilem Judaeorum 1247 To German prelates; orders an end to persecution of Jews and declares that theblood libel accusation is false.
Clement IV Turbato corde July 26, 1267 Christians forbidden to embrace Judaism
Gregory X Turbato corde March 1, 1274 (Identical to previous.)
Nicolas III Vineam Sorec Aug. 4, 1278 Addressed to orders of friars – Preaching to the Jews is encouraged and friars are to be specially trained for this purpose. Also known as Vineam Soreth.
Nicolas IV Turbato corde Sept. 5, 1288 Christians who embrace Judaism
John XXII Ex Parte Vestra Aug. 12, 1317 Relapse of converts.
John XXII  Cum sit absurdum June 19, 1320 Converted Jews need not be despoiled.
Clement VI Quamvis Perfidiam September 26, 1348 Tries in vain to dispel the superstition that Jews are responsible for Black Death by poisoning the wells
Urban V Sicuti judaeis non debet June 7, 1365 Forbidden to molest Jews or to force them to baptism.
Benedict XIII
(Anti-Pope)
Etsi doctoribus gentium 1415 A collection of anti-Jewish church legislation that served as an inspiration to other Popes.
Martin V Sedes apostolica June 3, 1425 Jews obliged to wear distinctive badge.
Eugene IV Dudum ad nostram audientiam Aug. 4, 1442 Forbade Jews to live with Christians or fill public functions, etc.
Calixtus III Si ad reprimendos May 28, 1456 Confirmed the preceding Bull of Eugene IV forbidding Jews to live with Christians.
Sixtus IV Numquam dubitavimus 1482 To Ferdinand of Aragon, to appoint inquisitors to extirpate heresy and investigate backsliding of Jewish converts to Christianity. The Spanish Inquisitionand expulsion of the Jews from Spain followed.
Paul III Cupientes judaeos March 21, 1542 Privileges in favor of neophytes.
Paul III Illius, qui pro dominici Feb. 19, 1543 Establishment of a monastery for catechumens and neophytes.
Jules III Pastoris aeternivices Aug. 31, 1554 Tax in favor of neophytes
Paul IV Cum Nimis Absurdum July 14, 1555 Jews forbidden to live in common with Christians, to practice any industry, etc.
Paul IV Dudum postquam March 23, 1556 Tax in favor of neophytes
Pius IV Cum inter ceteras Jan. 26, 1562 Bull relative to monastery of catechumens.
Pius IV Dudum e felicis recordationis Feb. 27, 1562 Bull confirming that of Paul IV.
Pius V Romanus Pontifex April 19, 1566 Bull confirming that of Paul IV
Pius V Sacrosanctae catholicae ecclesiae Nov. 29, 1566 Bull relating to convent of neophytes
Pius V Cum nos nuper Jan. 19, 1567 Jews are forbidden to own real estate
Pius V Hebraeorum gens Feb. 26, 1569 Accuses Jews of many evils including magic. Orders expulsion of Jews from Church States except Rome and Ancona.
Gregory XIII Vices ejus nos Sept. 1, 1577 Obligatory preaching of Christian sermons to Jews;. Creation of college of neophytes.
Gregory XIII Antiqua judaeorum improbitas July 1, 1581 Against blasphemers.
Gregory XIII Sancta Mater Ecclesiae Sept. 1, 1584 Obligatory preaching of Christian sermons to Jews;100 men and 50 women must be sent every Saturday to listen to conversion sermons delivered in a church near the ghetto.
Sixtus V Christiana pietas Oct. 22, 1586 Privileges granted to Jews by relief of former edicts. These were reversed. by Clemen VIII.
Clement VIII Cum saepe accidere Feb. 28, 1592 Jews of Avignon forbidden to sell new goods.
Clement VIII Caeca et obdurata Feb. 25, 1593 Confirmation of the Bull of Paul III. Jews forbidden to dwell outside of Rome, Ancona, and Avignon.
Clement VIII Cum Haebraeorum malitia Feb. 28, 1593 It is forbidden to read the Talmud.
Paul V Apostolicae servitutis July 31, 1610 Regulars (of monks) obliged to learn Hebrew.
Paul V Exponi nobis nuper fecistis Aug. 7, 1610 Bull concerning the dowries of Jewish women.
Urban VIII Sedes apostolica April 22, 1625 Concerning heretical Portuguese Jews.
Urban VIII Injuncti nobis Aug. 20, 1626 Privileges granted to the monastery of catechumens
Urban VIII Cum sicut acceptimus Oct. 18, 1635 Obligation to feed poor Jews imprisoned for debt.
Urban VIII Cum allias piae March 17, 1636 Synagogues of the Duchies of Ferarri and Urban, to pay a tax of 10 ecus.
Alexander VII Verbi aeterni Dec. 1, 1657 Bull relating to rights of neophytes regarding jus gasaga.(rights of tenancy in the ghetto)
Alexander VII Ad ea per quae Nov. 15, 1658 Jus Gasaga (rights of tenancy in the ghetto)
Alexander VII Ad apostolicae dignitatis May 23, 1662 Concordat between the college of neophytes and German college.
Alexander VII Illius, qui illuminat March 6, 1663 Privileges favoring the fraternities of neophytes.
Alexander VIII Animarum saluti March 30, 1690 Bull relating to the neophytes in Indies.
Innocent XII Ad radicitus submovendum Aug. 31, 1692 Abolition of special jurisdiction
Clement XI Propagandae per unicersum March 11, 1704 Confirmation and extension of Paul III regarding neophytes.
Clement XI Essendoci stato rappresentato Jan. 21, 1705 Powers of Vicar of Rome in jurisdiction of catechumens and neophytes
Clement XI Salvatoris nostri vices Jan. 2, 1712 Transfer to “Pii Operai” the work of the catechumens.
Innocent XIII Ex injuncto nobis Jan. 18, 1724 Prohibits sale of new objects.
Benedict XIII Nuper, pro parte dilectorum Jan. 8, 1726 Establishment of dowries for young girl neophytes.
Benedict XIII Emanavit nuper Feb. 14, 1727 Necessary conditions for imposing baptism on a Jew.
Benedict XIII Alias emanarunt March 21, 1729 Forbidding the sale of new goods.
Benedict XIV Postremomens Feb. 28, 1747 The baptism of Jews
Benedict XIV Apostolici Ministerii munus Sept. 16, 1747 Right of repudiation of neophytes.
Benedict XIV Singulari Nobis consoldtioni Feb. 9, 1749 Marriages between Jews and Christians.
Benedict XIV Elapso proxime Anno Feb. 20, 1751 Concerning Jewish heretics.
Benedict XIV Probe te meminisse Dec. 15, 1751 Baptism of Jewish children
Benedict XIV Beatus Andreas Feb. 22, 1755 Martyrdom of a child by Jews. A blood libel concerning the murder of the child Andreas Oxner or Anderl von Rinn (Andreas of Rinn )by Jews that supposedly took place in 1462 in Rinn near Innsbruck. Confirms the blood libel as factual.  The Bull reviews the cases of ritual murder by Jews, which it explicitly upholds as a fact, and establishes the beatifcation but not the canonization ofAndreas of Rinn and Simon of Trent

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One Response to The Point – Edited Under Fr. Leonard Feeney M.I.C.M. — Saint Benedict Center

  1. Lionel Andrades says:

    Monday, April 23, 2012
    PREFECT OF THE SUPREME TRIBUNAL: CAN THERE BE AN ‘ECCLESIAL RUPTURE’ FOR NOT AFFIRMING ‘ A VISIBLE BAPTISM OF DESIRE’ AND A LIBERAL, IRRATIONAL INTERPRETATION OF THE CATECHISM AND VATICAN COUNCIL II ?
    I appeal to Cardinal Raymond Burke, Prefect of the Supreme Tribunal, Vatican to ask Ecclesia Dei and the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith(CDF), how can we know cases of non Catholics saved in invincible ignorance or the baptism of desire?How can they also be explicit exceptions to the dogma extra ecclesiam nulla salus as the CDF alleges.

    Evidence:
    1. The Secretary of the CDF Cardinal Luiz Ladaria S.J on the International Theological Commission website in two position papers states that there is no more exclusive salvation in only the Catholic Church since Vatican Council II (LG 16) and the documents of Pope Pius XII indicate that there are exceptions to the dogma extra ecclesiam nulla salus and its literal interpretation.

    2. Pope Benedict XVI in Light of the World (Ignatius) p.107 indicates that those saved in invincible ignorance etc are defacto exceptions to the dogma which taught that there is only one way of salvation and everyone needed to convert into the Church.The pope suggests that all those who are saved are saved through Jesus Christ (CCC 846) and this is the one channel. So there are explicit exceptions to the dogma and to Ad Gentes 7, Vatican Council II which says all need Catholic Faith and the baptism of water for salvation; all need to convert into the Church.CCC 846 also states all need Catholic Faith and the baptism of water for salvation (to avoid Hell).This was the one way, the centuries old interpretation of the Catholic Church.

    I appeal to His Eminence Cardinal Raymond Burke to note that when we do not know any case of a person saved in invincible ignorance or the baptism of desire how can they be explicit exceptions to the dogmatic teaching on exclusive salvation being there in only the Catholic Church?

    So why should there be an ‘ecclesial rupture’ between the CDF/Ecclesia Dei and the Society of St.Pius X (SSPX); why should there be this threat to the SSPX to accept Vatican Council II with this irrational interpretation of knowing cases on earth saved in invincible ignorance and a good conscience(LG 16)?

    Why should the Institute of the Good Shepherd (IGS) accept the Ecclesia Dei advice to follow the Catechism of the Catholic Church when the CDF/Ecclesia Dei never clarifies how does the Catechism and Vatican Council II negate the literal interpretation of extra ecclesiam nulla salus and exclusive salvation in the Catholic Church? Vatican Council II affirms the literal interpretation of the dogma (AG 7) and there are no known exceptions(LG 16 etc). So Vatican Council II is in agreement with the SSPX position on ecumenism and other religions.

    Why cannot Catholics accept the literal interpretation of the dogma extra ecclesiam nulla salus and also implicit baptism of desire and invincible ignorance?

    Why does the CDF/Ecclesia Dei expect Fr.Leonard Feeney’s communities, the St.Benedict Centers, also traditionalists, in Los Angeles, Worcester and Manchester,USA to assume that the baptism of desire is a defacto exception to the literal interpretation of the dogma extra ecclesiam nulla salus as it was interpreted by Fr.Leonard Feeney, the popes, Councils,saints, Catechisms and Vatican Council I and II ? One of the communities in Los Angeles is not being recognized it is learnt since the Archbishop and just about every body there assumes that implicit baptism of desire is explicit and so is a defacto exception to the literal interpretation of the dogma held by this Catholic community in Los Angeles.

    No Magisterial document claims that the baptism of desire is an explicit exception to the dogma or that these cases can be known to us personally, and so are exceptions to the traditional teaching of exclusive salvation being there in only the Catholic Church.

    I have appealed to the CDF and Ecclesia Dei through this blog and have sent them copies of these blog posts over the years, hoping they would do something about this issue but they have done nothing.Now they are issuing notices to traditionalist groups to accept their liberal heresy.Foreign lobbies are openly appealing to the pope and the CDF to change Church teaching, as if this is possible, and to penalize the traditionalists for being faithful to the teachings of the Catholic Church.

    In Christ.

    Mr.Lionel Andrades
    Catholic Layman in Rome
    E-mail: lionelandrades10@gmail.com

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